The tabal jin ceremony

The following includes a translated excerpt from the Buku Chenderamata Pertabalan Sultan Idris Shah regarding the tabal jin ceremony. Please note that some aspects of the ceremony has changed, as seen from the description of the ceremonies described the official website of the Office of DYMM Sultan Perak. This ceremony is now known as the Tabal Pusaka.

The tabal jin[1] is attended by close members of the Royal Family and Perak Chiefs, all of whom are dressed in black baju melayu and tengkolok, with gold threaded samping. This candlelit ceremony is performed on the third night following the Pertabalan Adat, with the regalia (including the sword Chura Si-Manjakini, the Pontoh Bernaga and the Pontoh Ular Lidi) and nobat given a memuleh[2] by YM Raja Chik Muda Pawang Di-Raja in the presence of both DYMM Sultan and the Raja Perempuan at the Balai Rong Seri. During the memuleh, neither DYMM Sultan nor Raja Perempuan are seated on the singgahsana. The Pawang Di-Raja would present the sword Chura Si-Manjakini on the lap of DYMM Sultan whilst the rest of the regalia and the nobat are placed before the DYMM Sultan. The Pawang Di-Raja would proceed with the merenjis tepung tawar ceremony, blessing both the DYMM Sultan and Raja Perempuan. DYMM Sultan in turn would then perform the merenjis on the regalia and the nobat, followed by a doa made by the Perak mufti.

This photo taken at Istana Iskandariah shows military vehicles, covered in yellow cloth, carrying the nobat, Jejawat Berlembing and the rest of the Perak regalia. (Source: Portal Raja Kita)

Following the memuleh and merenjis, DYMM Sultan and the Raja Perempuan would leave the Istana towards the pancapersada[3]. This procession is led by the YM Raja Chik Muda Pawang Di-Raja followed by the Panglima Besar, Panglima Perang Kanan, Panglima Perang Kiri and the bentaras, and goes around the pancapersada seven times. Both DYMM Sultan and Raja Perempuan are then brought up the pancapersada and the bersiram tabal[4] is performed on DYMM Sultan and Raja Perempuan. Gold threaded yellow cloth is then wrapped around the DYMM Sultan and the Raja Perempuan, who would then proceed back to the Istana accompanied by the nobat after the bersiram tabal.

After a change of clothing, DYMM Sultan and the Raja Perempuan head towards the Balai Rong Seri, again accompanied by the nobat, in a procession led by the Panglima Besar. Both DYMM Sultan and Raja Perempuan are then seated on the singgahsana. The YM Raja Chik Muda Pawang Di-Raja then sprinkles the Air Panca Bicara on the regalia which are placed before the singgahsana, following which the Air Panca Bicara are sprinkled on both the DYMM Sultan and Raja Perempuan. The Pawang Di-Raja would then proceed to adorn both the DYMM Sultan’s and Raja Perempuan’s right ear with the Bunga Pancawa Pancara. This ceremony involving the Air Panca Bicara is then performed by six members of the Royal Family (Kerabat Di-Raja) – from the DYTM Raja Muda down to the Raja Kecil Bongsu. The nobat is played throughout this component of the ceremony.

Santapan Nasi Berastakona. (Image from KEMAJUAN courtesy of Mahfuz Al-Haddad)

After the Air Panca Bicara component of the ceremony, both DYMM Sultan and Raja Perempuan would partake in a ceremonial meal named the santapan Nasi Berastakona[5]. A doa made by the Perak mufti signals the end of the ceremony.

Footnote:
[1]This ceremony (lit. invocation of Perak guardian spirits) is only performed in the Perak Sultanate. The daulat of the DYMM Sultan of Perak is such that Tuanku is usually accompanied by jin-jin Islam (djinns of Islamic faith). For the non-Muslim readers of SembangKuala, the existence of the djinn is described in the Al-Quran, Allah’s firman:

وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ

“I have only created Jinns and men, that they may serve Me.” – Surah Adzariat, Ayat 56.
[2]Memuleh is literally translated as ‘to cure’, but in this context, the memuleh ceremony is one where the regalia is blessed by the Pawang Di-Raja.
[3]The pancapersada is a raised outdoor dais on which the Sultan and the Raja Perempuan sit. The dais is covered by a roof and the entire structure is akin to a gazebo.
[4]Bersiram tabal is a ceremonial bath performed on the pancapersada. The water used for this bath is taken from the seven estuaries of the Sungai Perak – at Sungai Kangsar, Sungai Chepias, Sungai Sayong, Sungai Hitam, Sungai Chermin, Sungai Bunya and Sungai Menora.
[5]Berastakona – eight-sided, octagonal. Nasi berastakona describes the rice served on an octagonal dish.

__________________________________

Reference:
1. Tabal Jin. Buku Chenderamata Pertabalan Sultan Idris Shah. p18.
2. Tabal Pusaka. Laman Rasmi Pejabat DYMM Sultan Perak.
3. Tabal Pusaka. Portal Raja Kita Negeri Perak Darul Ridzuan.

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One thought on “The tabal jin ceremony

  1. Pingback: Pilgrimage of the newly installed Sultan Idris Shah II to the royal makams, 1963 « SembangKuala BLOG

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