This photograph shows the British officials who were concerned in forming the Provisions of the Treaty of Pangkor in 1874. A young Frank Swettenham (later the first Resident General of the Federated Malay States) is seen standing on the far right. He was then a cadet in the civil service of the Straits Settlements, where he learned the Malay language and played a major role as British-Malay intermediary in the events surrounding British intervention in the peninsular Malay states in the 1870s.
1. Arkib Negara Malaysia
3. Swettenham F. Sir Frank Swettenham’s Malayan Journals 1874-1876, eds Burns and Cowan. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press; 1975. Plate 4.