Inscription on the War Memorial, Kuala Kangsar

War Memorial Kuala Kangsar. (Photograph © Martin Edwards 2009)

THE PERAK WAR

“THE ASSASSINATION OF THE FIRST BRITISH RESIDENT OF PERAK, MR. JAMES WHEELER WOODFORD BIRCH, AT PASIR SALAK ON 2 NOVEMBER 1875, LED TO IMMEDIATE FOLLOW-UP OPERATIONS BY HIS 50 STRONG SEPOY ESCORT FORCE, UNDER SUB-LIEUTENANT J.E. ABBOTT, R.N.

“AN ADDITIONAL FORCE OF 60 MEN OF THE 1/10TH REGIMENT AND 30 POLICE PERSONNEL ARRIVED FROM PENANG ON 5 NOVEMBER 1875, TO ASSIST IN THE OPERATIONS. CAPTAIN W.M. INNES, R.E., THE ASSISTANT COLONIAL ENGINEER, PENANG, WAS APPOINTED TEMPORARY COMMISSIONER TO PERAK AND HEAD OF THE FORCE. HE WAS ASSISTED BY LIEUTENANT BOOTH AND LIEUTENANT ELLIOT OF THE 1/10TH REGIMENT AND MR. C.B. PLUNKET, SUPERINTENDENT OF POLICE, PENANG, THE INTERPRETER TO THE FORCE WAS MR. KYNNERSLEY. IN AN ATTACK ON PASIR SALAK ON 7 NOVEMBER 1875, THE FORCE SUSTAINED CASUALTIES AND CAPTAIN INNES, CORPORAL FAY OF THE 10TH REGIMENT, A SIKH SOLDIER AND A MALAY SCOUT, NAKHODA ORLONG WERE KILLED. THIS PROMPTED A HALT TOM THE OPERATION. ON 9 NOVEMBER 1875, THE GOVERNOR OF THE STRAITS SETTLEMENTS, SIR WILLIAM FRANCIS DRUMMOND JERVOIS, VISITED PERAK ACCOMPANIED BY THE ACTING COMMISSIONER TO PERAK, MAJOR DUNLOP, R.A., TOGETHER WITH A DETACHMENT OF TROOPS AND ARTILLERY. ASSESSING THE SITUATION, HE REQUESTED TROOP REINFORCEMENTS FROM LONDON, HONG KONG AND INDIA. THE NEED FOR A LARGE FORCE WAS DEEMED NECESSARY, BOTH AS A SHOW OF STRENGTH AS WELL AS TO EFFECTIVELY TRACK DOWN AND APPREHEND THE PERPETRATORS OF THE ASSASSINATION.

“TROOPS OF THE 80TH FOOT REGIMENT, FROM HONG KONG, UNDER FRANCIS COLBORNE ARRIVED IN SINGAPORE ON 16 NOVEMBER 1875 AND LEFT FOR PERAK ON 17 NOVEMBER 1875. BRIGADIER-GENERAL J. ROSS ARRIVED IN PENANG FROM INDIA ON 26 NOVEMBER 1875, WITH A MIXED FORCE DRAWN FROM THE 3RD REGIMENT (BUFFS), 1ST GURHKAS, ROYAL ARTILLERY AND THE MADRAS SAPPERS. THEY PROCEEDED TO PERAK ON 3 DECEMBER 1875, NAVY, ‘BLUE JACKETS’, ALSO FORMED PART OF THIS IMPRESSIVE FORCE. NAVAL SUPPORT DURING THE PERAK WAR CAME FROM H.M.S. ‘EGERIA’. ‘FLY’, ‘MODESTE’, ‘PHILOMEL’, ‘RINGDOVE’ AND ‘STIRLING’.

“THE FORCE WAS DIVIDED INTO A NORTHERN AND A SOUTHERN COLUMN AND UNDER THE COMMAND OF MAJOR-GENERAL F. COLBORNE, THE CAMPAIGNS OF THE PERAK WAR WERE LAUNCHED, TERMINATING WITH THE EVENTUAL ARREST OR SURRENDER OF THE SURVIVORS OF THE COMPLICITY. ALTHOUGH MILITARY ENGAGEMENTS CEASED BY 1876, THE FORCE REMAINED IN PERAK UNTIL 1877 TO PREVENT MANY POSSIBLE RETURN TO ANARCHY.

“THIS MONUMENT IS ERECTED TO HONOUR THE MEMORY OF THE GALLANT MEN WHO LOST THEIR LIVES IN MILITARY CONFLICT OR WHO SUCCUMBED TO OTHER CAUSES IN THE COURSE OF THE PERAK WAR.”

__________________________________

The memorial is located in a small cemetery behind the Rest House in Bukit Chandan, close to the bank of Sungai Perak.

7 thoughts on “Inscription on the War Memorial, Kuala Kangsar

  1. Pingback: 25th Sultan of Perak: Sultan Ismail Mu’abidin Riayat Shah (1871-1874) « SembangKuala BLOG

  2. Pingback: 26th Sultan of Perak: Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah II ibni Almarhum Sultan Jaafar Safiuddin Muazzam Shah (1874-1876) « SembangKuala BLOG

  3. Dear editor,
    I’ve been contacted thru YM Raja Kobat Ibni Almarhum Raja Muda Musa, would like to express my gratitude to you for giving the insights into the world of the Perak Royalty and its history. I would be most grateful if you were to contact me or i contact you in regards to certain matters relating to my descendence. My Father is the grand son of the 26th Sultan of Perak DYTM Sultan Abdullah Muhammad Shah II ibni Almarhum Sultan Jaafar Safiuddin Muazzam Shah.

    My contact no is 019-3728933

    Thank you and hope to hear from you soon.

    Sincerely,
    YMRMAS

    • Salam persaudaraan

      I’m one of the co-editors. Unlike the three main editors of SembangKuala who are from the Idris I branch, I am from the same branch as you are. My grandad is YAM Raja Kamaralzaman bin Raja Mansur ibni Sultan Abdullah II. Makes you second cousin to my dad, and makes you my third cousin once removed (in Melayu terms, uncle je la :D). Who is your granddad, if I may ask?

      Wassalam,
      Raja Mahariz Raja Muzaffar

    • I beg your pardon. My compadre/second cousin in the editorial board, Raja Chulan Raja Ahmad Tajuddin, is also related (closer) to us by virtue of his mom, Raja Noor Zaharah binti Raja Badiozaman.

      -M.

  4. Pingback: Perihal Perak: I. Geografi dan sejarah negeri, bah.2 « SembangKuala BLOG

  5. Pingback: Perihal Perak: III. Perkembangan seterusnya, bah.1 « SembangKuala BLOG

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