Article XXV, Perak Constitution – Honours and Dignities

One of the powers of a Sultan is to confer titles and dignities, and institute Orders and Badges of Honour and Dignity., as per Article XXV of the Perak Constitution, Part II.

The objective and purpose of this conferment remained the same since the era of Melaka Sultanate which is in recognition of services of excellence rendered to the state.

According to M.A. Fawzi Basri,  the tradition of conferring of titles for Perak began in 1951 when Sultan Yusuf Izzudin Shah created these three titles:

1. Pingat Keberanian Handal (PKH) – conferred upon those who have performed an exceptionally chivalrous act at the risk of their lives in the State of Perak.

2. Pingat Pekerti Terpilih (PPT) – conferred upon those who have performed extremely well and shown bravery.

3. Pingat Jasa Kebaktian (PJK) – conferred upon those who have rendered excellent service: have shown initiative and loyalty towards their responsibilities and of exemplary behaviour.

In those days, PJK was considered one of the most privileged titles even for a Raja Muda, as in the case of DYTM Raja Muda Musa.

During the reign of Sultan Idris Shah II (1963-1984), the titles were expanded to include (in descending order):

1. Darjah Kerabat Yang Amat Dihormati (DK)

2. Seri Paduka Cura Si Manja Kini (SPCM)

3. Seri Paduka Mahkota Perak (SPMP)

4. Datuk Paduka Cura Si Manja Kini (DPCM)

5. Datuk Paduka Mahkota Perak (DPMP)

6. Paduka Cura Si Manja Kini (PCM)

7. Paduka Mahkota Perak (PMP)

8. Ahli Mahkota Perak (AMP)

Among the awards specially created by Almarhum Sultan Idris Shah II was the Most Gallant Order of Taming Sari of Perak. The Order was created for members of the Armed Forces and the Police Force, who are thus not considered for any of the other Orders awarded.


Tun Mahathir Mohamed after receiving the SPCM from Sultan Idris Shah in October 1981 at Istana Iskandariah, Kuala Kangsar

1. The Perak Constitution. Read PDF file here.
2. Laman Rasmi Pejabat DYMM Sultan Perak – Darjah Kebesaran.
3. M.A. Fawzi Basri. Cempaka Sari: Sejarah Kesultanan Negeri Perak. 1986.
4. Sembangkuala. Acknowledgement of DYTM Raja Muda Musa towards Ku Nick’s contribution during the Installation of DYMM Sultan Idris Shah.

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