13th Sultan of Perak: Sultan Mudzaffar Shah III (1728-1754)

After the demise of Sultan Alauddin Mughayat Shah (Marhum Sulong) in 1728, the Raja Muda, Raja Inu, who was the younger brother to Marhum Sulong residing in Bernam, was installed as the Sultan Mudzaffar Shah III. He then moved to Berahman Indera (Bota Kanan). Sultan Mudzaffar’s younger brother, Raja Bisnu, was then made Yang di-Pertuan Muda (Sultan Muda) as Yang di-Pertuan Muda Muhammad Shah, in turn resided in Pulau Tiga, Lambor and he had issue – Raja Iskandar, Raja Kimas, Raja Alauddin and Raja Bongsu.

Perak was attacked by Bugis from Selangor, led by Daeng Chelak, the second Yam Tuan of Riau. Perak was politically torn asunder, and it was believed that the Bugis attackers sided with Yang di-Pertuan Muda Muhammad Shah, with the support of some Orang-orang Besar Perak. Yang di Pertuan Muda Muhammad Shah was installed as Sultan Muhammad Shah during this volatile period from 1742 to 1743, during which Perak had two Sultans. Sultan Mudzaffar Shah III, who was then residing in Kuala Kangsar, controlled the span of Perak from Pachat to Ulu Perak in the north, whilst his brother, Sultan Muhammad Shah, residing in Pulau Tiga, controlled the state from Pachat to Hilir Perak, at the estuary of Sungai Perak. It was not long before the two brothers finally reconciled, and Sultan Mudzaffar Shah III remained in power and moved back to reside in Berahman Indera.

In 1743, a Bugis Raja named Daeng Salili (Haji Besar) had fought off pirates at Pulau Sembilan and brought the subdued pirates to Sultan Mudzaffar. Daeng Salili was then married to Sultan Mudzaffar’s sister, Raja Tengah, and was appointed Mufti of Perak, and was subsequently made an Orang Besar Perak with the title Maharaja Lela Tan Lela Putera Panchong Ta’ Bertanya. Daeng Salili was also the private bodyguard to Sultan Mudzaffar.

Sultan Mudzaffar Shah III reigned in Perak for 28 years and mangkat on Friday, 7 Zulka’edah 1167H (1754) and was conferred the title Marhum Haji Allah. He was interred at Kampung Selat, Berahman Indera (Bota Kanan).

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Footnote: This article has attracted some intriguing comments, all of which can be read below (or by clicking the number by the small grey balloon on the top right corner of this post). One comment, by saudara Megat Iskandar At-Terawis, of interest is the likely ‘misreading’ of Sultan Muzaffar Shah III’s conferred post-humous title in the original transcript of the Royal Perak Genealogy (Maxwell. Royal Asiatic Society. p 24).

Marhum Hajilallah

(Source: Megat Iskandar Megat Zaharuddin)

The jawi transcript reads, “…baginda ini di gelar Al-Marhum Hajilallah“, where the spelling is clearly ha-alif-jim-ya-lam-alif-lam-lam-ha.

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11 thoughts on “13th Sultan of Perak: Sultan Mudzaffar Shah III (1728-1754)

  1. There is a Malay proverb “Jangan Nak Bermaharaja Lela” which is in reference to the Dato’ Maharaja Lela. He is the only “pembesar” who can punish a person without first asking the consent of the Sultan.

    IZU

  2. Salam moderator SembangKuala

    Nak tanya, mengapa gelaran marhum untuk DYMM Sultan Mudzaffar Shah III tu “Marhum Haji Allah”? Mohon penjelasan?

  3. Wassalam Engku Adley

    Patik pun kurang periksa. Sumber kami untuk paparan perihal Kesultanan Perak kami terjemah dari apa yang ada di laman rasmi Sultan. Jika kita lihat dari gelaran marhum yang diberi dalam salasilah kesultanan, kebanyakan berkait dengan tempat mangkatnya sultan itu, atau berkait dengan sifat seseorang sultan. Patik tak tau jika gelaran diberi kepada Almarhum Sultan Mudzaffar Shah III ini berkait dengan Tanah Suci Mekah – wallahu a’lam.

    Jika ada di antara pembaca SembangKuala yang ada maklumat tentang Marhum Haji Allah, kami amat alu-alukan.

    -M.

    • Engku,

      Menurut Salsilah Rasmi, ianya ditulis Marhum Haji Allah. Namun, yang sebenarnya, menurut Salasilah dalam tulisan jawi yang tersimpan di Royal Asiatic Society Library di Bayswater, London, nama gelaran Almarhum ialah Marhum Najhiyallah.

      Haji Allah adalah ‘misreading’ oleh orang puteh yang romanise kan nama tersebut. Ejaannya yang sebenar ialah NUN – JIM – HA – YA – ALIF – LAM – LAM – HA.

      Dalam ejaan jawi, Haji Allah dan Najhiyallah agak mirip. Nanti saya scan petikan daripad manuskrip tersebut (saya ada membuat salinan daripada London).

      MEGAT ISKANDAR BIN MEGAT ZAHARUDDIN

  4. maaf….kesilapan sebentar tadi…terdapat dua gelaran yang di ‘misread’ oleh Orang Puteh…pertama Marhum Haji Allah (Sultan Muzaffar Shah III) dan kedua Marhum Nabi Allah (Sultan Ali Al-Mukammal Inayat Shah)

    komen yang terdahulu adalah untuk Marhum Nabi Allah dan bukannya Marhum Haji Allah. Untuk Marhum Haji Allah, menurut Manuskrip yang sama, ejaannya ialah HA – ALIF – JIM – YA – LAM – ALIF – LAM – LAM – HA… jika dibaca, ianya berbunyi HAJILA-LLAH.

    Sila rujuk scanned image yang dihantar melalui email kepada administrator SembangKuala.

    • Terima kasih, saudara Megat Iskandar, kerana sudi membantu menjawab persoalan Engku Adley. InsyaAllah kami akan memaparkan imej tersebut berserta komen tempohari mengenai Bendahara Megat Abu Kassim.

      An additional note pertaining the jawi spelling for Marhum Hajilallah will be made in due course.

      -M.

  5. Salam Moderator Sembang Kuala dan En. Megat Iskandar b. Megat Zaharuddin

    Terima kasih kerana sudi memberitahu dan menjelaskan tentang isu ini. Semalam, selepas patik menulis soalan berkenaan Sultan Muzaffar Shah III (Marhum Haji Allah) dalam blog Sembang Kuala, patik terus menghantar sms kepada Engku Ayah YM Raja Kobat Sallehuddin ibn Almarhum Raja Muda Musa bertanyakan soalan yang sama.

    Menurut Ku Ayah Raja Kobat dalam sms beliau: “Sebab baginda dah naik haji secara ilmu Tauhid dan Usuluddin yang disampaikan oleh Haji Besar Daeng Salili, Mufti Besar negeri Perak semasa zaman pemerintahan DYMM Almarhum Sultan Muzaffar Shah III. Sultan tersebut boleh ghaib ke Makkah dan kembali dalam 6 jam pergi balik ketika melaksanakan umrah. Baginda juga pulang (ke Perak) dengan membawa sedekah dalam bentuk buah tamar (kurma) yang masih segar untuk para pembesar di Madrasah Istana selepas solat Subuh” – demikianlah maksud sms Ku Ayah Raja Kobat Sallehuddin kepada patik semalam.

    Patik kira, isu berkenaan gelaran DYMM Almarhum Sultan Muzaffar Shah III ini amat menarik untuk dibuat kajian secara ilmiah

    Wallahu a’lam

    Terima kasih

    • Waalaikum salam Ku Adley

      That’s interesting! Patik pun kira begitulah. Thanks for your comments.

      Just to add, in my humblest of opinions, and speaking for myself, diskusi yang civilised sebegini sungguh dialu-alukan dalam SembangKuala. Generally speaking, I have learnt a lot as a reader, and now even as a co-editor, from my editorial colleagues, the posts and the learned readers of this web portal.

      -M.

  6. Salam Moderator SembangKuala

    Terima kasih banyak-banyak kepada pihak moderator Sembang Kuala yang banyak menerbitkan input yang berguna kepada kami semua yang mengunjungi website ini…Ilmu Allah S.W.T. ini perlu dikongsi bersama-sama supaya dapat menghasilkan natijah yang baik kepada semua.

    Di sini patik ingin memberi maklumat tambahan berkenaan DYMM Almarhum Sultan Muzaffar Shah ibn Raja Mansur Yang Dipertuan Muda Pulau Tiga (Marhum Haji Allah). Patik telah menggunakan buku “A History of Perak” dengan memetik maklumat yang disediakan oleh W.E. Maxwell dalam artikelnya yang bertajuk “The History of Perak from Native Sources”, hlm. 214:

    “After Sultan Mozafar Shah had reigned a short time longer, he returned to the mercy of God Most High, and was called Marhum Haji (1)”

    Dalam nota kakinya (1) – Miraculous stories are current in Perak of the piety of Marhum Haji. He used to go to Mecca and back every Friday, and on one occasion, to convince the sceptical, he produced three green dates which he had brought back with him from the sacred city! His tomb is opposite Bota.

    Hal ini mengesahkan lagi kisah yang diceritakan oleh YM Raja Kobat Sallehuddin bin Almarhum Raja Muda Musa itu.

    Sekian, wassalam

    Sumber:

    R.O. Winstedt dan R.J.Wilkinson. A History of Perak (and Three Articles by W.E. Maxwell). Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society (MBRAS): Kuala Lumpur. 1974

  7. Pingback: 14th Sultan of Perak: Sultan Muhammad Shah (1744-1750) « SembangKuala BLOG

  8. Pingback: Asal gelaran Raja Di-Hilir « SembangKuala BLOG

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