The five families of Perak

Throughout the history of Perak, we would have heard of the names of:

1. Sultan Muzaffar Shah – the first Sultan of Perak descended from the Royal House of Melaka

2. Tun Saban – a Malay Chief of Hulu Perak who was said to have had an audience with Sultan Mahmud Shah in Kampar requesting that a prince be brought to Perak and made Sultan

3. Megat Terawis – the first Bendahara of Perak, descended from the great imperial house of Pagar Ruyung

4. Syed Hussain Al-Faradz Jamalullail – the first Orang Kaya Menteri of Perak who came to Perak in 1528, from the Perak House of Jamulallail said to be descendants of Fatima az-Zahra, the daughter of Muhammad SAW

5. Daeng Salili (Haji Besar) – the first Maharaja Lela Tan Lela Putera Panchong Ta’ Bertanya, bestowed by Sultan Muzaffar Shah III, and a Bugis Raja from Sulawesi

You may have read an entry SembangKuala posted in August on Megat Terawis, and since then we have received a genealogy chart from saudara Megat Iskandar Megat Zaharuddin, which shows the links between the families of the aforementioned five men.


To see the chart in PDF format, please click here.

A few interesting points of note can be gleaned from the chart (which is non-exhaustive):

1. The earliest ancestor of Megat Terawis seen here was a half-Sumatran, half-Javanese prince named Adityavarman who resided in Tanah Datar, West Sumatera in the 14th century. Adityavarman left numerous stone inscriptions, which were the first historical records of West Sumatra.

2. Yamtuan Raja Hitam, an ancestor of the current ruling house of Negeri Sembilan (to be exact, the great-great-great-great-great grandfather of DYMM Tuanku Muhriz) was the descendant of a daughter of Megat Terawis.

3. Eminent Megats like Dato Seri Dr Megat Khas and Tan Sri Dato Seri Megat Najmuddin (current president of MCOBA) are descendants of Megat Menjanas and Raja Kenayan Shah Alam, a daughter of Sultan Muzaffar Shah II of Perak. Megat Menjanas in turn was a descendant of both Megat Terawis and Tun Bongsu Bangsawan, daughter of Tun Saban.

4. Raja Chulan Raja Abdul Hamid (author of Hikayat Misa Melayu) was married to a grand-daughter of Daeng Salili and Raja Su, sister to Sultan Muzaffar Shah III.

5. Syed Shamsuddin bin Menteri Bendahara Syed Abu Bakar was married to Puteri Bulan binti Megat Mutabar, the grand-daughter of Bendahara Megat Pendia, one of the Perak generals who led the army in the war against Bugis in Bukit Gantang in the 1740’s. The other two Perak generals in this war were Raja Muda Iskandar (later Sultan Iskandar Dzulkarnain) and Raja Kimas (later Sultan Mahmud Shah).


The editors of SembangKuala would like to extend their sincerest gratitude to Megat Iskandar Megat Zaharuddin for providing the genealogy chart. Megat Iskandar is the secretary of The Megat Terawis Clan Association.


1. Wikipedia
2. Valley of Tanah Datar
3. About MCOBA.


24 thoughts on “The five families of Perak

  1. Guess those are direct descendants. Any chance you keeping the trees of the tempias-tempias ones?

    Looking for a certain Puteri Bidayah bt Megat Musa (known to some as Wan Bi). Her mother’s name is Wan Long Jamaliah.


    • Salam

      Unfortunately, due to the immense number of people (as you can well imagine) within these five families, the chart does not include the ‘tempias’ members of the family. The chart was kindly provided by Megat Iskandar At-Terawis, who comes by every so often to this blog, and, whilst this is no promise, may well be of some help.

      Thanks for dropping by SembangKuala.


      • Salam,Saya ada soalan.keluarga saya ada selalu menyebut tentang Sultan Afaras dari Istana Pagar Ruyung.Adakah ini benar?

    • Once again, patik mohon perkenan menjawab peroalan Permegatan dalam laman SembangKuala.

      Yes, Fazilah. We have your Puteri Bidayah Binti Megat Musa in our database. That Wan Long Jamaliah is a daughter of Hj Wan Muhammad Aris – from the Temenggong clan.

      Puteri Bidayah’s siblings are:

      Puteri Zubaidah (wife of Dato’ Megat Osman – uncle to Dato’ Seri Dr Megat Khas)
      Puteri Rugayah
      Megat Mazlan
      Puteri Bidayah
      Puteri Mariam
      Puteri Khadijah
      Megat Lob
      Megat Yang

      If you want to know the lineage of Puteri Bidayah, the salasilah are as follows:

      Puteri Bidayah
      Megat Musa
      Megat Ismail
      Megat Inu
      Megat Kassim (Seri Nara Diraja di Tior)
      Megat Muhammad Mentaha (Tok Kaya Lambat Makan)
      Megat Omar (Bendahara Muda Megat Shahid)
      Megat Pendia (Bendahara Hilang di Padang)
      Megat Terawis II (Bendahara Seri Maharaja)
      Megat Menjanas (Bendahara Kukut)
      Megat Abdullah (Bendahara Garang)
      Megat Biajad Mustafa (Bendahara Muda Megat Sulung
      Megat Terawis (Bendahara Paduka Raja)

      In addition, Megat Inu (father to Megat Ismail) is married to Puteri Mina binti Megat Abdullah. The maternal lineage would be:

      Puteri Bidayah
      Megat Musa
      Megat Ismail
      Puteri Mina
      Megat Abdullah
      Megat Mansur (Orang Kaya Besar Seri Maharaja)
      Megat Abu Kassim (Bendahara Hilang di Teluk)
      Megat Terawis II (Bendahara Seri Maharaja)
      Megat Menjanas (Bendahara Kukut)
      Megat Abdullah (Bendahara Garang)
      Megat Biajad Mustafa (Bendahara Muda Megat Sulung
      Megat Terawis (Bendahara Paduka Raja)


      • Congratulations and well done! This site enabled me to read more on my grandmother’s side of the family.

        Can you check regarding Puteri Zubaidah Megat Musa?

        You mentioned that she was the wife of Dato’ Megat Osman – uncle to Dato’ Seri Dr Megat Khas.

        She was actually married to Dato’ Haji Mohd Esa, JP, Dato’ Seri Maha Kurnia diRaja.

      • Thank you Sdr Nazalan for the comment. About Puteri Zubaidah Megat Musa, I will check with my sources. I am pretty sure in 1959, she is married to Dato’ Megat Osman. Will check on the date of marriage or any other marriages linked to her.


  2. Salam,

    Well done on this splendid site. What is the source of the Negeri Sembilan genealogy presented here – in particular the 12 generations from Adityawarman to Raja Melewar? There are some discrepancies with another tree in my possession.

    Was there any contact (or rivalry) between Raja Melewar and the descendants of Megat Terawis? And are there any continuing links between the descendants of Megat Terawis and Pagar Ruyong?

    Thanks lots.

    • Salam Engku

      Thank you for your kind compliments.

      To answer Engku Zain’s query (without sounding like we’re passing the buck 😀 ) – this ‘brief’ genealogy which includes the royal house of Pagar Ruyung was compiled by Megat Iskandar Megat Zaharuddin, which is based on his research as part of his Masters degree at SOAS, London. He had included his points of reference in the .pdf document:
      1. MS 40333(2) School of Oriental & African Studies, University of London
      2. MS Maxwell 24 Royal Asiatic Society, London
      3. ‘Selintas Minangkabau’ – Himpunan Kajian Sejarah oleh Dt Rj Sampono A Chaniago, Indonesia

      I have since emailed saudara Megat as per your query and we hope to hear from him soon.

      If you have any further queries, don’t hesitate to drop us a line –


      • Assalaumualaikum wbt

        Dear Engkus…

        The Pagar Ruyung link was done after I came back to Malaysia – after my SOAS days…

        As for the Pagar Ruyung Genealogy, my main reference is Dt Rj Sampono’s Selintas Minangkabau.

        When I compiled the genealogy, the only connection that I personally have doubts is the upper part of the Pagar Ruyung – more precisely from Tuanku Pandang and Tuanku Moneng upwards – which leads to Adityavarman.

        Selintas Minangkabau (it took me months to decipher between the pages) mentioned about the genealogy and the inter-relations between all the Minangkabu Rulers. I am more than willing to share / discuss the discrepancies with Tunku Zain (perhaps outside SembangKuala as this topic is deviating too far from Perak and Kuala Kangsor). Maybe the genealogy from Tunku Zain will enlighten us on the true picture. (tengah bersemangat ni…)

        About Tunku Zain’s question on any contact between the two lines – I’m not sure whether Raja Melewar had any contacts with the Megats in Perak during his time because there’s no mention in any historical text.

        BUT, since Raja Melewar is a descendant of Yamtuan Pasambahan (son-in-law to Megat Terawis), I’d say that when the sons of Yamtuan Pasambahan became the Raja Alam of Pagar Ruyung, the Imperial House of Pagar Ruyung did help Perak.

        Remember the story of Puteri Limau Purut? The Bendahara of Perak was sent by Sultan Mansur Shah II of Perak to bring back Puteri Limau Purut. That Bendahara of Perak is MEGAT ABDULLAH (Bendahara Garang) – grandson of Megat Terawis. If we look at the genealogy – this Megat Abdullah is a FIRST COUSIN of the Yamtuan Raja Alam of Pagar Ruyung. I think Bendahara Garang Megat Abdullah went to see the Sultan of Acheh and most probably this was the dialogue:

        “I punya cousin, jiran you kat Pagar Ruyung tu. You tak kasi, I kasi hello sama dia. ”

        (unfortunately, there’s no evidence to support this claim apart from the family tie)

        Feel free to contact me at

  3. Alhamdulillah,it is very encouraging that feedbacks received by sembangkuala has shed more insight into the 5 families mentioned. It is interesting to note that one of the strategies employed to cement these ‘large’ family was through inter-marriages. This wisdom was a contributory factor in the upholding of the many sultanates in the Malay archipelago, not withstanding the role of the Sulu sultanate, of which The Royal Sate of Brunei was predominant. This was significant considering the threats from the Land of the The White Elephants, the Hindus from the north and the Spaniards in the Sulus. It is heartening to note that it is this wisdom of ‘inter-marriage’ that is tying the role of the monarchies in the states of Perak, Pahang, Johor, Selangor and Terengganu. Thank you, your majesties!!!

  4. Salaam

    Mohon jasa baik unt berkongsi info ttg Megat Jaafar. Saya inginkan kesahihan berikut:

    1. Apakah Megat Jaafar anakanda kepada Megat Ayob (ayahanda kpd Megat Junid)?

    2. Apakah Megat Jaafar ini dari susurgalur jurai keturunan Megat Terawis? (Andai benar, apakah pertalian di antara Megat Terawis dengan Megat Jaafar?)

    Terima kasih.

    p/s: Mohon dikirimkan jawapan ke alamat e mail atau ke laman blog

  5. Pingback: salasilah keturunan megat | Megatmohdfitri's Blog

  6. Assalamualaikum,

    Saya benar-benar kagum akan segala usaha yang telah dibuat oleh pengarang dan juga saudara Megat Iskandar dan telah menimbulkan minat untuk mengetahui lebih lanjut tentang susur galur keluarga saya sendiri Saya Megat Azman bin Megat Khalid (Megat Khalid ialah adik kepada Arwah Dato Seri Megat Junid bin Megat Ayob ). Buat saudari Harleny, Megat Ayob adalah tok saya yang tinggal di Air Mati, kini opah saya Hajah Asmah (isteri arwah Megat Ayob), alhamdulilah masih sihat lagi di Kampung Bahgia, Teluk Intan. Saya berharap sebarang maklum balas dapat juga di cc kan ke e-mail saya dan juga disiarkan di sini semoga akan ada maklumat lain yang boleh diguna pakai oleh saudara-saudara kita yang lain, terima kasih.

    • Assalamualaikum wbt to all,

      The tedious task of tracing and identifying our paternal and maternal lineage requires patience and determination and for that I am really thankful to the administrator for his superb efforts. I am Puteri Zarina Megat Khalid, Megat Azman’s sister. I also hope that with the existence of this virtual meeting point, our ukhuwwah can be further strengthened.

  7. Assalamualaikum wbt

    Usih, ini lama punya cerita ni. Mohon perkenan untuk menjawab soalan ini dalam SembangKuala.

    Salasilah Megat Jaafar adalah seperti berikut:

    Megat Jaafar
    Megat Nayan
    Megat Johan
    Megat Inu (Orang Kaya Besar di Senin)
    Megat Muhammad Mentaha (Orang Kaya Besar Lambat Makan di Kuala Kenas)
    Megat Omar (Bendahara Muda Megat Shahid)
    Megat Pendia (Bendahara Hilang di Padang)
    Megat Terawis II (Bendahara Seri Maharaja)
    Megat Menjanas (Bendahara Kukut)
    Megat Abdullah (Bendahara Garang)
    Megat Terawis I (Bendahara Paduka Raja)

    Megat Jaafar mempunyai 3 orang isteri dan dikatakan hidup llama. Beliau meninggal dunia pada tahun 1940an (tak ingat tahun berapa) ketika berusia lebih 100 tahun. Anak2 daripada Megat Jaafar adalah seperti berikut:

    isteri pertama:

    Megat Aman (bapa Megat Ayob, datuk kepada Tan Sri Megat Junid)
    Megat Ismail
    Megat Ahmad
    Puteri Mariam
    Puteri Taksiah
    Puteri Laila
    Megat Arbi

    isteri kedua:

    Megat Ayob
    Puteri Halimah
    Megat Ramli
    Megat Hashim

    isteri ketiga:

    Megat Tajuddin
    Megat Abu Bakar
    Megat Osman
    Megat Ibrahim
    Megat Ariffin
    Megat Abdullah
    Puteri Hawa
    Megat Danian (the youngest of all)

    (mungkin order of seniority tak berapa tepat)
    Kalau nak tahu lanjut tentang family tree cawangan ini, boleh hubungi saya di



  8. Assalamualaikum..

    Terima kasih byk2 atas penjelasan di atas…impressive !! Semoga ada usaha yg berterusan dlm memelihara keturunan dan salah silah keluarga kita dan mendokumentasikan akan segala susur galur tersebut utk tatapan generasi akan datang…semoga usaha yg baik dan ikhlas akan mendapat keberkatan drp allah s.w.t…wallahualam…

  9. Assalamualaikum – saya Mohd Yazman, keturunan Tunku Cindai, anak perempuan kpd Yamtuan Imam (Yamtuan kelima). Ikut buku Negeri yang Sembilan (Norhalim Hj Ibrahim, Fajar Bakti 1995), perkahwinan Raja Hitam dgn Tunku Aishah tidak melahirkan zuriat. Raja Hitam kahwin dgn Jingka (Puan Besar), lahirkan Raja Ngah(perempuan) yg kahwin dgn Raja Lenggang Laut.

  10. Assalamualaikum dan Salam 1Malaysia~ saya Izzaty Diyana dari Keturunan Megat Inu ( Orang Kaya Besar Senin ) , ingin bertanya beberapa soalan dan berharap pihak tuan dapat memberi jawapan yang sahih . Mengikut dari satu sumber yang terlampir dalam “sembangkuala” berkenaan salasilah keturunan , terdapat hanya satu nama sahaja anak Megat Inu ( Orang Kaya Besar Senin ) iaitu Megat Johan . soalan pertama saya adalah :
    (1) Adakah Megat Inu ( Orang Kaya Besar Senin ) hanya mempunyai seorang isteri dan hanya
    mempunyai seorang anak bernama Megat Johan ?
    (2) Adakah ‘Sembangkuala’ mempunyai sebarang maklumat berkenaan generasi seterusnya dari
    Megat Perak , Megat Jaafar dan Megat Yassin ? .

    Mohan jasa baik dari pihak tuan untuk menyalurkan sedikit maklumat berkenaan salasilah keturunan Megat inu ( Orang Kaya Besar Senin ) .Dengan ini saya dahului dengan ucapan ribuan terima kasih .

  11. Salam!
    Saya ingin ketahui lebih lanjut tentang Salasilah tentang Megat Yunus (Orang Kaya Besar Maharaja Diraja)

    1) Megat Yunus mempunyai berapa isteri? Dan nama-nama isteri beliau.
    2) Nama anak-anak beliau dari isteri-isteri beliau juga.

  12. Assalamualaikum..

    Sy tggl d Kg Senin dan cucu kepada Imam@Kulop Lipat, arwah ayah mengatakan yang kami dari keturunan Megat Inu @ Tok Kaya Senin..bleh huraikan salah silah dari Megat Inu hingga ke arwah Atuk sy Imam@Kulop Lipat??

    Nama saya xde Megat, tp anak sy ada Megat kerana sy sayangkan keturuanan/nama Megat itu..tq

    Hubungi sy :

    • saya pun ingin kan huraian dari keturunan tok kaya senin moyang saya megat kulop putih rumah tok saya juga di kg senin berhampiran tangki air

  13. Assalam Ku..
    Didoakan semuga Ku dn seluruh kerabat berada didalam rahmat dn hidayah dari Allah SWT..

    Menyentuh tentang keturunan Daeng Selili ni, suami saya adalah keturunan dari beliau sebelah ibu suami. Dimana suami saya adalah old cliffordian class of 1962. Nama suami Lt.Kol (B) Mohamed Aris Bin Ariffin. Suami mempunyai pertalian darah sebelah ibunya iaitu Surafeahtul Adawiyah@Che Su binti Dato’ Mohd Esa Bin Kulop Shah Bin Zainal Abidin Bin Daeng Selili. Suami dilahirkan di istana Raja Muda Teluk Anson tahun 1944 pada waktu DYMM Sultan Yusuf Izzuddin Shah menjadi Raja Muda. Suami ada menceritakan bahawa nenda beliau Puteri Zabedah Binti Megat Musa dn ibu beliau Surafeahtul Adawiyah@Che Su pernah sama-sama dgn DYMM Raja Perempuan Ta’ayah. Datuk beliau Dato’ Mohd Esa Bin Kulop Shah (Dato’ Kurnia) adalah adik beradik susuan dgn baginda DYMM Raja Perempuan Ta’ayah. Manakala suami adalah adik beradik susuan dengan YM Raja Nor Mahani Binti Raja Sahar. Tak sangka jugak suami ni ada salasilah berdampingan dgn Kerabat Diraja Perak. Suami pernah menyatakan hasrat utk melawat Kuala Kangsar dn juga menziarah makam diraja di Bukit Chandan. Insya’Allah suami pun teringin sangat nk jumpa dgn Ku… Jazakallahu khairan khatiran.

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