Unlike its sister mansions, Baitul Rahmah was named after Che Rahmah binti Ngah Ahmad, who was the first wife of Raja Kechil Sulong Harun Al-Rashid ibni Almarhum Sultan Idris. Its architecture was described as being identical to Baitul Aman.
The eldest son of Raja Kechil Sulong Harun Al Rashid and Che Rahmah is Raja Ariff Shah, who was born in 1906. However, looking at a sign at the mansion, Baitul Rahmah was likely to have been built in 1911.
The top floor of Baitul Rahmah was subsequently occupied by the family of Tengku Zaira, the daughter of Raja Norshida binti Raja Harun Al-Rashid. Its lower floor was previously occupied by families of Raja Dhazlan, Raja Hanizah, Raja Amran and Raja Nor Hizayah – and currently by the family of Raja Mariam Ruzi.
Baitul Rahmah was one of the Bukit Chandan mansions that was featured at ‘Heritage Studies Exhibition 2010: Bandar Di-Raja Kuala Kangsar, Perak Darul Ridzuan and Xi’an, China’ exhibition which showcased research performed by students of the Kuliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design at the International Islamic University of Malaysia, held at the KAED Gallery on 22 June 2010.
Baitul Rahmah is located on Jalan Istana at Bukit Chandan, Kuala Kangsar.
Che Rahmah was also known as Che Mah. Interestingly, her good friend Che’ Sareah Dato Ahmad (Che ‘Ah of Baitul Aman) was also married to Raja Kechil Sulong Harun Al Rashid. Both Che’ Mah and Che’ Ah passed on in the same year, in 1926, within 5 months of each other and are buried side by side at the Al Ghufran Royal Mausoleum in Bukit Chandan. Coinicidentally, the big flood of 1926 in Kuala was known amongst family as ‘Bah Che’ Ah‘.
Raja Ariff Shah is the father of Raja Perempuan Muzwin, consort of Almarhum Sultan Idris Shah II.
1. Raja Nur Jannah Raja Hirdan
2. All photos courtesy of Raja Mariam Raja Mohamed Iskandar.